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Identity Operation (E)


Symmetry operations are operations that leave the molecule apparently unchanged. In each molecule there can be any number or none of these:

Identity operation (E)

This is a very important symmetry operation which is where the molecule is rotated by 360º. In otherwords a full rotation or doing nothing at all.

This appears in all molecules!!!



Other types of Symmetry Operations
Rotations (Cn) Improper rotations (Sn) Inversion centre (i) Reflections (sh, sd and sv)