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Symmetry - Reflections (s)


Symmetry operations are operations that leave the molecule apparently unchanged. In each molecule there can be any number or none of these:


Reflections (sh, sd and sv)
These are reflections in a symmetry planes (x, y and z).

sh - Horizontal Plane  (y)

to the highest rotation axis

sv - Vertical Plane  (z)

to the highest rotation axis

sd - Diagonal (dihedral) Plane (x)

the Diagonal Plane
that bisects two axes


Other types of Symmetry Operations
Rotations (Cn) Improper Rotations (Sn) Inversion Centre (i) Identity Operation (E)